OPTICAL ART, also known as OP ART
OPTICAL ART, also known as OP ART, was born around 1960, developing
in the ‘70s, with the Hungarian Victor Vasarely.
It is a movement of rupture, which incorporates the research of the Bauhaus and the experiments of Futurism, emphasizing visual values. It is an essentially graphic art, based on a strict definition of the operating method. Through lines placed in various modular and structural grids, the artists wanted to obtain effects that lead into a condition of perceptive instability, to inspire the observer involvement.
Vasarely and the others cause movement illusions making use of minimal and
gradual variations in colours and dimensions obtained through an accurate study
of forms, in an age in which computer was not used yet.